Consider placing buildings on the site so as to maximize solar access during cooler months and to control it during warmer months. Also consider maximizing natural ventilation and access to views from within the site. Avoid a layout in which adjacent buildings obstruct one another. Design the building so that sun directly enters each dwelling unit during some part of the day year round.
The overhangs in this Livermore, California housing provide shade for the windows in summer yet admit the sun in winter.
(Stoney Creek Apartments)
Notches and large openings in this Oakland, California development allow sunlight and breezes to flow into and through the central courtyard.
Buildings also have a climatic impact on their surroundings. In this San Francisco apartment building, special design efforts were made to ensure that winter sun would reach the park across the street.
(555 Ellis Street)
The deciduous trees that are central to the landscape design of this Greenburgh, New York housing for formerly homeless families lose their leaves in winter, allowing sun to reach the units. The trees then regain their leaves, providing shade to the project throughout the summer.
Solar water heaters have been integrated into the roofs of these San Francisco townhouses, reducing energy consumption.
(Holladay Avenue Homes)
Deep overhangs and an operable canopy help protect this Tucson courtyard from the Arizona sun.
Shaded by large trees and open to prevailing breezes these Mer Rouge, Louisiana townhouses are designed with the region's hot, humid climate in mind.
(Mer Rouge Villas)